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One of the most important things you need to decide on before you move to Mexico is getting health insurance.
It tends to involve a lot of complex terms and conditions that you will have to understand.
As an expat in Mexico, you will have a lot of health insurance options to choose from, each with different pros and cons.
In this article, we are going to break down all available health insurance options for expats in Mexico, as well as cover relevant topics including insurance terms, the country’s healthcare system, and how to choose the right plan.
- Do You Need Health Insurance in Mexico?
- How Does It Work?
- Can I Use Insurance from My Country?
- Choosing the Right Plan
- Insurance Terms
- General Healthcare System
- Now, on to You
Do You Need Health Insurance in Mexico?
Expats in Mexico get health insurance for different reasons.
The first and foremost reason is that they want to get immediate access to quality healthcare services in case they get sick.
Although the quality of healthcare in Mexico is good, there’s no guarantee that you’ll have easy access to a good healthcare facility unless you pay out of pocket or use private health insurance.
For example, when obtaining healthcare services via the Mexican Institute of Social Security (Spanish: Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, or IMSS), you need to go to a specific local clinic that is assigned to you. If your assigned clinic cannot treat you, you will be referred to a specialist elsewhere or to a bigger hospital.
With private health insurance, you can visit a modern hospital right away and see a doctor of your choice. The waiting time is also much shorter.
Second, hospitals in Mexico require an upfront payment. You need to pay a hospital first before getting treatment; otherwise, a hospital might not treat you.
This can result in a serious problem in a life-or-death situation — every minute counts!
In addition, if you do not have enough money to pay the hospital after receiving treatment, they might not allow you to leave the hospital premises.
Third, health insurance helps you manage your health-related expenses. With health insurance, you know how much you need to pay per year, in advance. If you suddenly have a serious illness or accident, an insurance company will pay for it, so you don’t incur huge costs.
Fourth, health insurance gives you peace of mind. When you get sick, you know that you can visit a top-tier hospital right away and have the insurance company pay for it. Visiting a hospital immediately often results in faster recovery.
Therefore, it is recommended to get health insurance while staying in Mexico. Although Mexico has a new universal health coverage called INSABI, it is still unstable and seems to be getting worse because of the COVID-19 pandemic.
At the very least, you should get IMSS or private insurance that covers in-patient treatment.
Learn more about insurance options for expats in Mexico by reading this article further.
How Does It Work?
When it comes to getting health insurance in Mexico, expats generally have three options: INSABI, IMSS, and private health insurance. Some refer to these options as a three-tier system.
The low tier is INSABI or the Instituo de Salud para el Bienestar. It is the new universal health insurance program in Mexico that gives everyone access to public healthcare at no cost.
The middle tier is IMSS or Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. It is a social security program that allows individuals to contribute small monthly payments to the healthcare system to get access to public healthcare services.
The high tier is private insurance which gives you easy access to private healthcare services.
Health insurance systems in Mexico have their own networks of hospitals, doctors, and medication providers. When you have an insurance company paying for your medical expenses, you are required to go only to specific hospitals as determined by your plan.
With private insurance, you’re allowed to choose a doctor and a hospital, but you may need to pay out of pocket first and make a reimbursement claim later on.
Let’s take a closer look at each option.
The Instituto de Salud para el Bienestar or INSABI is a new universal health coverage in Mexico released in January 2020. INSABI is a government agency which means “The Institute of Health for Well-being” in English.
It is a health reform program in Mexico that completely replaced Seguro Popular, the country’s previous public health insurance scheme, which gave free public healthcare to everyone in Mexico who is not insured by social security.
As a national health system, INSABI is directly funded by taxes, similar to public health insurance in Canada.
INSABI provides free health coverage for preventative healthcare, health promotion, disease prevention, and outpatient care for common illnesses.
To use it, you can go to public medical facilities, including CESSA, IMSS Bienestar medical units, UNEMES, and general hospitals.
While the idea behind INSABI is commendable, the program itself is relatively new and still has many problems.
The most common problem is the shortage in medications for cancer patients. According to a report by Mexican News Daily, many patients still need to pay for medication and hospital fees out of their pocket.
The medication shortage problem is expected to continue, and it’s hard to know how many problems will arise after this because, as mentioned, the program is new.
In addition to the medication shortage problem, getting care through the program involves long wait times. It can take weeks or even months to successfully book an appointment for a simple case.
This means you may have to show up at the hospital early in the morning, that is, before 7:00 am. Depending on how crowded the hospital is on any given day, it’s likely that you might not get treatment at all and be forced to come back the following day.
Since the program aims to help Mexican citizens who do not have social security, it can be particularly challenging for expats like you to use it, especially if you don’t speak Spanish.
Therefore, it’s better to check other types of insurance or even pay out of your pocket rather than use INSABI, unless you really have to.
If you are working in Mexico and employed by a private Mexican employer, you are required to get social security from the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS).
Every month, your employer will deduct money from your salary to make a contribution to the program on your behalf.
IMSS will pay for things like medications, hospital expenses, doctor’s fee, and surgery’s fee, in full.
In addition to healthcare coverage, you also receive compensation when you are unable to work due to sickness or accident.
IMSS can give you full health coverage in cases where a doctor deems it necessary based on your condition. You can also claim medications for free from local pharmacies affiliated with the IMSS program.
Please note that not all medications are covered by the IMSS. Usually, generic medications for common sicknesses are given for free.
IMSS does not cover certain pre-exising conditions such as liver disease, heart disease, kidney failure, and other chronic diseases. You can visit the IMSS website for a full list of preexisting conditions.
It also does not cover maternity, dental, and preventative medications.
After your application is approved, the IMSS will inform you which clinic you need to go to get medical care. You cannot choose a doctor and a clinic yourself.
Your healthcare coverage commences after the first day of the following month.
This is the usual procedure that need to be followed:
- Go to a specific clinic to see a general practitioner.
- If a general practitioner at that clinic is unable to treat you, they will refer you to a specialist at a different hospital.
For this reason, treatment quality tends to vary based on the clinic you go to and the doctor you meet with, which is especially true for those who live outside of Mexico City, Guadalajara, and Monterrey.
In other words, health coverage provided by the IMSS can be hit-or-miss. If your assigned clinic is great, then you can expect to receive great service. Or, you might be referred to a subpar healthcare provider, in which case, it may be better for you to have private health insurance and/or pay out of pocket.
Note that using IMSS presents two main obstacles for expats.
The first one is the language barrier. Although many doctors in Mexico can speak English, some hospital staff and IMSS employees cannot.
Unless you can speak Spanish, it’s recommended to bring a friend with you who can speak Spanish well when visiting an IMSS-connected hospital facility or an IMSS office.
The second problem is the waiting time. In general, you should expect to wait around three months to get a surgery. And you may need to wait longer for a non-emergency surgery.
Furthermore, if you get admitted to a hospital, you may need to bring your own amenities. The level of service simply does not compare to that of private hospitals.
This is why many people, both Mexicans and expats, opt to get private insurance on top of the IMSS in order to get access to better healthcare.
If you are a Mexican resident, either a temporary resident or permanent resident, you can apply voluntarily for the IMSS at the IMSS website or at the local IMSS office even if you do not work for a private Mexican company.
To apply, you need to show your personal documents such as passport, visa stamp, proof of address, photos, birth certificate, and marriage certificate (if applicable).
If your birth certificate or marriage certificate is in another language, you need to have it translated into Spanish and notarized.
Note that the application procedure is in Spanish, and IMSS can deny your application especially if you have certain preexisting conditions that are not covered by the IMSS.
In the first year of your coverage, you will only be covered for accidents, emergencies, and medications. The IMSS will start paying for a surgery after the second year of the coverage.
It’s important to note that getting IMSS through employment will be prioritized over a voluntary application. It means your waiting time can be even longer if you get the IMSS voluntarily.
The cost of IMSS mainly depends on your age. You should expect to pay between $218 to $590 per year.
IMSS does not have a cap on age. This means that even if you are older than 80 years old, you can still apply for the IMSS as long as you have a valid long-term visa and do not have certain preexising conditions, as mentioned earlier.
The cost of IMSS will be evaluated and adjusted every February.
Mexico also has another social security system called the Institute for Social Security and Services for State Workers (ISSTE). However, it’s available only to those who work with the Mexican government.
Private insurance is a popular option among expats for various reasons:
- It gives you access to private hospitals.
- It has much shorter waiting times.
- You are allowed to choose a hospital and doctor.
- You get access to English-speaking services throughout different processes.
With private insurance, you have two options: international insurance and local insurance.
International health insurance is also known as expat health insurance provided by international health insurance companies.
International insurance provides worldwide health insurance coverage, including Mexico, for expats.
There are two benefits to having international health insurance that cannot be found in other types of health insurance.
- You get health coverage in most countries all over the world. This means you can fly home and get treatment in your home country.
- You can keep using the plan even after you leave Mexico. So, any new chronic disease you may have during your stay in Mexico will not be considered a preexisting condition by your new insurer.
Because of these, international health insurance is the most popular choice among expats. Their plans’ terms and conditions are also easier to understand.
Simply put, expat health insurance provides the best coverage, but it also is the most expensive option.
International health insurance plans come in flexible options. You can select the type of coverage you want based on your personal needs.
Every international insurance company typically comes with three to four available plans.
- The basic plan comes with in-patient coverage
- The middle plan comes with in-patient coverage, and out-patient coverage
- The high-tier plan comes with in-patient coverage, out-patient coverage, and additional coverage such as dental, maternity, health check-up, and optical coverage
The high-tier plan also comes with a higher annual limit as well.
You can decrease your insurance premium through co-pay and deduction, which we will explain further later in the article.
There are various international insurance companies available. If you want to get a comprehensive health insurance plan, you can check out Cigna Global. Their international health insurance plan is one of the most popular plans for expats.
If you are a US citizen, you can check out GeoBlue. They have a decent medical network in the US with affordable plans.
If you are a digital nomad who travels regularly, you should check out Remote Health.
If you need help choosing an international health insurance plan, you can use a brokerage company such as International Citizens Insurance. They specialize in health insurance for expats.
International health insurance plans come with two main disadvantages:
- It tends to be the most expensive option, regardless of your chosen plan.
- Unless you get prior authorization, you might have to pay out of pocket first and make a claim later on.
However, if you plan to travel regularly and move out of Mexico in the future, your best bet is to get international insurance.
If you do not have immediate plans to move out of Mexico, you can check out private health insurance provided by local health insurance companies.
It can be cheaper than international health insurance and gives you access to private hospitals in Mexico.
In addition, private health insurance companies may have a direct billing system set-up with certain hospitals in Mexico.
That means you don’t need to pay out of your pocket as long as your hospital expense is covered under your plan and you visit a hospital within your insurance provider’s network.
Please note that a prior authorization is still required for a major treatment.
In addition to the premium, you might need to pay a policy fee of $55 (MXN 1,000) per person.
When choosing local insurance, in additional to general insurance options such as annual limits, deductions, and co-pay, there are specific options you need to consider, namely:
- State-wide or country-wide coverage – Do you want coverage only in your state or throughout Mexico?
- Preferred type of hospital – What type of hospital do you want to visit?
- Choice of tabulator – What tabulator do you choose?*
*Choosing a higher level of tabulator gives you access to more options for doctors in Mexico.
All of these options have a significant impact on your premium. The higher your coverage, the higher the premium you need to pay.
In addition, many private health insurance companies have a plan called “catastrophic”, which only covers major medical treatments. For minor medical treatments, including OPD, you need to pay out of your pocket.
There are different local insurance plans available. Some plans are provided by international insurance companies that have local offices in Mexico such as AXA Mexico.
Travel insurance is an option only for two groups of people:
- Those who come to Mexico on a visitor’s permit (FMM)
- Those who stay in Mexico less than 180 days a year
While travel insurance comes with health coverage, it isn’t as comprehensive as health insurance since it comes with emergency medical coverage only.
With an emergency medical coverage, you are eligible for health insurance coverage only in cases classified as an emergency. These can be any sickness or accident you may have while traveling.
For example, if you have an accident or suddenly become sick while traveling in Mexico, the travel insurance company will pay for your medical treatment.
On the other hand, if you have a chronic disease such as cancer, the travel insurance company won’t pay for its treatment.
In instances where your health condition is serious, the travel insurance company may decide to cover the costs of transferring you to a hospital in your home country.
Therefore, if you plan to stay in Mexico long-term, it’s better to get health insurance rather than rely on travel insurance.
Can I Use Insurance from My Country?
It depends on what kind of insurance you have. Public insurance such as Medicaid and Medicare cannot be used in Mexico.
Public insurance from your country usually comes with health coverage within your home country only.
On the other hand, if you already have private health insurance, you should check whether Mexico is included in its coverage area.
In sum, if you have an international insurance, expat health insurance, or digital nomads health insurance, there’s a high chance that you will be covered while living in Mexico.
However, a plan from a local private insurance company is unlikely to provide coverage while you’re living in Mexico.
Choosing the Right Plan
With many health insurance options available for expats in Mexico, the choices can be overwhelming.
To choose the right plan, you need to decide based on the following factors:
- Are you eligible for IMSS?
- How much is your budget?
- What do you expect from an insurance plan?
For example, if you are eligible for the IMSS and fine with your assigned clinic, IMSS should be sufficient.
If you want to choose your own doctor, get access to private hospitals, and only want coverage in Mexico, then you should choose private local insurance.
On the other hand, if you need international coverage and want to keep the same plan after moving out of Mexico, you should go with international insurance.
Once you decide what type of health insurance to get, you can then choose a health insurance plan and an insurance company.
For this, you might want to get in touch with a brokerage company. By using their service, you can compare plans from different insurance companies at once. You can also ask for their recommendation based on your budget and requirements.
The brokerage company can also help you make a claim on your behalf.
If you want to use a brokerage company, you can check out International Citizens Insurance.
It is not recommended to rely solely on INSABI since the program is mainly for Mexicans, not expats. The problem, however, is it’s still unstable and has become even weaker because of the COVID-19 pandemic.
As previously mentioned, most hospitals in Mexico require an upfront payment. And without health insurance, you might not get treatment.
There are certain insurance terms you need to know before buying any health insurance.
You can check out these terms by reading the fine print.
Coverage limit is the highest amount that the insurance company will pay for your medical expenses per year. It’s the very first number you should take a look at before getting any private insurance plan.
Since the cost of healthcare in Mexico is quite affordable, the annual coverage limits you need can be around $1,000,000, which is usually the minimum coverage limit in an international health plan.
However, if you want your health insurance to cover hospital treatment in your home country, you might need a higher coverage limit.
For example, if you want to get health coverage in the US, or if you want to get coverage in the US, the annual coverage limit you need should be at least $2,000,000.
Please note that private insurance plans may have separate limits on optional coverage such as out-patient treatment, dental, optical, check-up, and maternity.
For example, they may have a cap for health check-ups at $300 a year although the plan comes with a $1,000,000 limit.
Area of Coverage
In general, public insurance covers health expenses only when you go to a specific clinic or hospital in Mexico.
For local private insurance, area of coverage can be a specific region or the entire country.
When it comes to international insurance, most plans come with worldwide coverage except the United States. If you want to get coverage in the US, your premium is going to be significantly increased.
Waiting period is the amount of time you need to wait until the insurance company pays you.
For example, IMSS comes with a one-year waiting period for surgeries. That entails waiting for a full year before they pay for your surgery.
Most private insurance companies have a waiting period of seven to eight months for maternity coverage.
Some insurance companies may have a 14-day waiting period for COVID-19.
Some budget insurance companies may have a 30-day waiting period for all types of hospital expenses except for an accident.
Exclusion pertains to certain conditions that the insurance company won’t cover.
The biggest exclusion is preexisting conditions. In general, it’s a disease you already have prior to applying for a health insurance plan.
For example, if you had been diagnosed with COVID-19 when you applied for health insurance, COVID-19 will be considered a preexisting condition, and the insurance company will not pay for any of your COVID-19 related expenses.
However, when you are fully recovered from COVID-19, the insurance company might no longer consider it a preexisting condition when you renew your plan.
Health insurance companies may cover your preexisting conditions, but in return you’ll need to pay a higer premium.
An insurance company will ask for preexisting conditions during the application process. If you lie to them, it’s highly likely that they will find out later on and cancel your plan.
Other common exclusions apply under the following circumstances:
- Drug- and alcohol-related injuries
- Acts of war
All insurance companies require you to contact them to get a prior authorization before getting medical treatment.
This doesn’t usually apply in cases involving common illnesses which don’t incur a high amount of medical expenses.
There are three main benefits of contacting an insurance company to get a prior authorization before visiting a hospital:
- It guarantees that the insurance company will pay for your medical expenses.
- The insurance company may pay a hospital directly even if the hospital is outside of their medical network.
- The insurance company can offer suggestions on which hospital you should go and which doctor you should consult.
If you don’t get a prior authorization, there’s a chance that the insurance company might not pay you.
Making a Claim
If you visit a hospital outside of the health insurance company’s network, you might need to pay the hospital out of your pocket first and make a claim later on.
To make a claim, you need to send an insurance company a factura, which is a formal receipt for medical services and drugs in Mexico, and a doctor’s certificate. Then, the insurance company should be able to reimburse you within a few days.
If you are 65 or older, it can be difficult to get a private health insurance plan.
Many insurance companies also won’t accept new clients who are 60 years old or older.
Therefore, if you want to have private health insurance when you reach that age, you need to make sure that you have health insurance before you turn 60. Also, you need to take a look at the age cap.
Some insurance companies may have a cap at 75 years old, while other premium insurance companies, including Cigna Global, come with lifetime renewal guarantee.
When you buy private health insurance, you have an option to pay more in order to get optional coverage, including out-patient treatment, dental, optical, maternity, health check-up, and vaccination.
This additional coverage is totally optional.
Some people prefer to pay for these treatments out of their pocket since they’re not expensive in Mexico, while others prefer to have a comprehensive plan from the get-go to ensure that their insurance provider pays for all of their medical expenses.
Premium is the amount you need to pay insurance companies on a monthly, quarterly, or yearly basis.
If you get IMSS through employment, you need to pay for your social security every month.
On the other hand, if you voluntarily get IMSS, then it’s going to be on a yearly basis.
For private health insurance, usually you will get a discount when you pay it annually.
The amount of premium differs based on three factors:
- Insurance company – well-known companies tend to cost more
- Coverage – the higher coverage, the higher the cost
- Age – the older you are, the higher amount of premium you need to pay
Therefore, instead of trying to find the cheapest plan out there, it’s better to find a plan that’s suitable to your budget and needs.
Although it is more costly, getting a health insurance plan from well-known companies is much better. You can rest assured that these companies will pay for your expenses and won’t cancel your plan when you make claims frequently.
Deductible and Copay
Deductible and copay are essential to decreasing your insurance premium.
Deductible is the amount you need to pay initially out of pocket before the insurance company pays, while copay is the percentage you need to pay for that claim.
For example, if your plan comes with a $1,000 deductible and 10% copay, and you need to make a claim for a treatment worth $10,000, you’ll need to pay the $1,000 deductible first and 10% of the remaining amount, which is $900.
In this case, the total amount you need to pay an insurance company is $1,900 for a $10,000 claim.
Deductible and copay can help save a lot of money, especially for retirees.
It’s quite easy to apply for private health insurance in Mexico. You can do it online through a brokerage company or contact a health insurance company directly.
You just need to fill out their application form, which consists predominantly of questions related to your previous illnesses and other health-related concerns.
It’s best to tell them the truth from the get-go.
Health insurance companies have a wide range of medical networks. They can easily perform a background check of your medical record.
General Healthcare System
To help you decide which insurance you should get, you need to know some important information about the healthcare system in Mexico.
Overall, the quality of hospitals in Mexico is good. The medical facilities in some hospitals in Mexico might even be better than those in the United States.
A lot of doctors in Mexico can speak English. In fact, many of them studied medicine in the United States or other English-speaking countries. Many of the hospitals’ staff are also well-trained.
Although prices are generally more affordable compared to the U.S., they may still be expensive in private hospitals and private clinics. The U.S. Embassy and Consulates in Mexico even said that modern private hospitals in Mexico can be more expensive than those in the United States.
In addition, if you are not a Mexican resident, you need to pay more than Mexican residents.
Hospitals in Mexico can be broadly categorized into three levels.
The first one is a public clinic for common sicknesses and medications. The second level is public and private hospitals that can provide basic health coverage. The third and highest level is modern facilities that offer treatment for complex medical cases.
The quality of treatment between public and private hospitals isn’t that much different, except that private hospitals have a much shorter wait times.
Public hospitals in Mexico are often crowded. And it’s getting worse because of the COVID-19 pandemic.
If you are not able to speak Spanish, visiting a public hospital in Mexico can be a challenge. Although most Mexican doctors can speak English, not all hospital employees can.
Many of Mexico’s modern hospitals can be found in Mexico City, Guadalajara, and Monterrey.
If you live outside of these three cities, it can be hard to find a hospital that can treat complicated cases.
Most hospitals in Mexico require an upfront payment in the form of a deposit to make sure that you are able to pay for hospital expenses.
It is recommended to make an upfront payment using either a credit card or a health insurance card.
If you do not have a health insurance card with you, you should have at least $3,000 available on your credit card.
Calling for Ambulance
Although you can call 911 for an emergency service, the number is mainly for the police department or fire department.
You’ll have much better chances calling 066, which will direct you to the national system for citizen emergencies. Or, you can call a private ambulance service directly.
Trekmedics.org has a long list of private ambulance services throughout Mexico.
When using an ambulance service, you should tell them directly which hospital you want to go.
Because of the system that requires an upfront payment in Mexican hospitals, it’s a good idea to always have an insurance card with you so you can get attended to immediately.
Unless you’re buying restricted medications, e.g., strong pain killers or narcotic medications, you can buy medications in Mexican phamarcies without a prescription. You can even buy them online.
In fact, many U.S. citizens come to the Mexican border in order to buy inexpensive meds from Mexico’s pharmacies.
However, you should buy from reputable pharmacies only to make sure that the medications you buy have passed quality standards.
Now, on to You
We hope that this article provides everything you need to know about health insurance in Mexico.
If you reached this point in the article, we trust that you’d be able to make a sound decision regarding which type of insurance to get.
Remember that it’s important to always read the fine print and get advice from an insurance expert before buying any plan. Choosing health insurance is a complicated matter and most policies are subject to change all the time.
If you want to get health insurance right away, you can ask for advice and get a quote from International Citizen.